You must be worried about tomorrow. Don’t be. Keeping yourself calm is important to help you answer better.
Section D – Poems and novels
* I believe most students have read and some might have memorized notes to answer the novel section. Remember to always give your own opinions why certain events or incidents really matter. React to the story. Show that you really understand the importance of the elements you have chosen as evidence.
*Do not restrict your answer to 3 evidence only. Be as convincing as you can. However, remember not to add something as evidence that is not in the story – remember – with close reference to the text, Always.
* The evidence must be reflected on the events you write about.
*Give reasons and evidence systematically. To show flow, use correct sequence connectors.
Wish you all the best!
You are advised to spend about 20 minutes on this question.
Based on the novel that you have studied, which character do you like the most?Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.
i. character (watak)
ii. characteristics of the chosen character (perwatakan)
iii. evidence from the text (bukti)
iv. relation to life (kaitan dengan kehidupan) / nilai yang dipelajari
I have read Around the World in 80 Days by Lee Su Ann. I have chosen is –character, theme, value, event and lesson – brief synopsis of the story.
I have read Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne. The character that I have chosen is Phileas Fogg.
I have read Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne. The event that is important is when Phileas Fogg saved Aouda.
I have read Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne. The theme……
I have read Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne. The character that shows the value of………./
** Use sequence connectors
After that Lastly
As a result
In a nutshell
|In additionI think,
In my opinion,
I learn that,
First, Phileas Fogg is brave. (isi utama)
(Sequence connector) First, (Point 1) Phileas Fogg is brave . (Evidence 1) rescuing Aouda from the bandits. It is not only dangerous but also can risk his own life.(Evidence 2) He is not afraid of doing something he has never done before. (Sentence connector) Moreover, (Evidence 3)he is chased by the bandits but he bravely run as fast as he could to escape. However, (Evidence 4)he is not afraid that he might be caught by the bandits because he is in a foreign land. (Evidence 5)His organisational skill is evident when he has planned the rescue and his escape much earlier together with Sir Francis and Jean Passerpatout, his butler. He is taking a calculated risk in order to ensure he will be able to complete his journey. He also wants everyone to be safe. (Evidence 6)Furthermore, he is also brave in asking for help from the local guide, Ali. He is not afraid that Ali might give him away. He is brave enough to trust a stranger. As a result, he is able to save Aouda, himself and his friends too.. Someone he does not even know. (Affirmation)He is a really brave man. He fights for what he believes is right. (Opinion) I think it is important for me to be brave because there are many challenges ahead. If I am always afraid, I will miss many life experiences. I must learn to fight for my beliefs.
Halimah and Dollah are talking about the National Service in Malaysia. Read the dialogue between them. Who do you agree with?
Use the points in the conversation below to write the composition.
Halimah : My brother is going for the National Service next month.
Dollah : That’s wonderful. I will have to wait till I finish my SPM next year.
Halimah : My brother says that it’s a waste of time. He is reluctants to go.
Dollah : It’s not a waste of time! In fact, it’s good for young people like us. The National Service trains us to be disciplined, independent and patriotic. During the three months of training, we gain new values and outlook.
Halimah : Are you sure that we can achieve these in three months? I doubt so. The National Service is mainly having physical activities. I also think it is a waste of time. It delays our going to college by three months.
Dollah : It’s not just physical activities. We learn history and national ideology. We will also have computer classes.
When writing your composition :
- you may use all the notes given.
- elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting
- make sure it is not less than 120 words
I agree with ______________feel strongly that every teenager should go ____________________________. National Service in Malaysia is implemented for 18-year-old ___________________________. Generally, it is good for them to spend the _________________________while waiting for their __________________________.
1.Who is the persona in the poem? The persona
2.What does he think of life today as is mentioned in the first stanza? Life is poor (because people do not relax and enjoy little thing in life.)
1. Explain the phrase stand and stare. ( just do nothing to look and enjoy the scenery
2. Why is the phrase stand and stare repeated in the first and last stanza? People don’t spend time to notice what’s around them anymore.
1. In the second stanza, what do we fail to do? Just standing under a tree and enjoy looking at animals.
2. Explain the imagery of streams full of stars. Very clear and sparkling river under the sun
1. Why do we fail to see when we pass the woods? Watching squirrels with their food
2. Why do you think the persona mentions sheep or cows? Sheep and cows are the most common and can be easily seen animals yet people do not notice them.
1. How is Beauty personified? It can dance and smile
2. Why do you think the persona describes life today as poor? This is because people do not enjoy life anymore
PMR 2007 – The Bullock Cart Incident
Last week, Johan and his family were travelling to Kuala Terengganu. They went there by car. Johan’s father, Mr. Ahmad was driving the car that early morning. They were going to Kuala Terengganu to attend a wedding of their relative. Johan and her sister, Johanna, were very excited as they had not gone to Terengganu for quite some time.
After few hours of driving, they were about 5 miles from their destination. By this time, they had reached the village. The traffic was smooth as there were not many vehicles on the road. The car slowed down because there was a bullock cart slowly moving in front of their car. Johan’s father overtook the bullock cart. While they were passing the bullock cart, Johan and Johanna made faces at the bullock cart driver. They stuck their tongues out at driver and burst out in fits of laughter as they left the bullock cart trailing behind. Mr.Ahmad shook his head but did not say anything.
Not long after that, something went wrong. Suddenly, there was a loud blast and Johan’s father panicked. The tyre of the car was punctured. Johan’s mother and sister screamed. Johan closed his eyes and prayed for his life. His father lost control of the car but quickly recovered. Fortunately he managed to stop the car from going into a ditch. It was even more fortunate for Johan and his family that there were no other cars or they might be involved in an accident. His father drove the car slowly to the roadside. All of them breathed a sigh of relief.
All of them got out of the car. Johan’s father went at the back of the car and opened the car boot. He intended to change the punctured tyre with the spare tyre he kept there. To his dismay, he found out there were no tools in the boot. He remembered taking the tools out the week before. He was very disappointed. He should have checked the car before starting the journey. The nearest workshop was about two miles. To make it worse, the telephone network was very bad. If not, he could have contacted one of his relatives for help. Johan and his sister sat under a shady tree while waiting for his father to come up with a solution.
After half an hour, the bullock cart that they saw earlier arrived. The driver asked his father what had happened. Johan and his sister were very quiet. Then, without hesitation the driver of the bullock cart offered them a ride when he found out what had happened to them. He also assured Johan’s father that he would ask for help from the villagers to change the tyre later. Johan and his sister were very ashamed of their behaviour. During the ride, they were very quiet.
Upon reaching the town, Johan and Johanna quickly got down from the cart and went up to the man. They shook his hand and apologised to him for making faces and laughing at him earlier. The man was so touched by the gesture. He praised them for being such respectful children. Since that day, Johan and Johanna learned a valuable lesson. They must never look down upon others and laugh at them.
William Henry Davies or W. H. Davies (3 July 1871– 26 September 1940) was a Welsh poet and writer.
- Poems are written based on his experience as a tramp and the many different characters he encountered along the way.
- His first poems were published whe he was 34 years old.
- His poems highlight nature’s beauty based and his observations on the hardship in life.Wrote two novels and autobiographical works. His best known novel is the Autobiography of a Super-Tramp
- He died in 1940.
Synopsis The poem “Leisure” by William Henry Davies is about life. Life can be hectic sometimes. However, we must make time top enjoy life. Slowing down to enjoy nature is a way to live life meaningfully. Leisure, or free time, is time spent away from business, work, and domestic chores. It is also the periods of time before or after necessary activities such as eating, sleeping and, where it is compulsory, education. Paraphrase of the poemThe poem ‘Leisure’ is divided into seven rhyming couplets. Couplet 1:
- The poet, W. H. Davies, begins by questioning the purpose of a life which is so full of worry that it does not allow us any time to simply stand still and watch the world go by.
- In the next few couplets, he describes the various things that people are not able to do due to lack of leisure.
- Sheep and cows can often be seen standing still in vast open fields and staring into a distance. People living a busy life would not posses the leisure to stand under the branches of trees and keep staring into space.
- W. H. Davies further adds that when such people pass a forest or a woodland, they would be in too much of a hurry to notice the nooks and crannies in the grass where squirrels conceal their nuts. They would not posses the leisure to notice the various aspects of the natural world around them.
- In daylight, streams appear to be sparkling under the effect of sunshine making it seem as if the streams are full of stars like the night sky. However, such beauties of nature are likely to be missed by people overburdened by anxiety and living a life of haste without any leisure.
Couplets 5 and 6:
- The poet states that the rush of life provides people with no leisure to turn at the glance of a beautiful girl and marvel at her dancing feet.They are unable to leisurely observe her as her mouth shapes out a smile that started from her eyes.
Couplet 7: In the final couplet states that a life which is so bogged down by worry that it allows one no time for leisure is indeed a miserable life. It means that we have a poor life if we have no time to relax physically or mentally. Summary
- Life should not be about working so much that we have no time to relax and enjoy the beauty of nature. We are so caught up in our work routine and mundane schedule that we do not know how to break away. We should slow down and take a look at things around us because life goes by fast and we do not want to miss a thing. Sometimes, the mind should be free of work stress so that we can we enjoy the beauty of the little pleasures of life. We all get so caught up in the ways of the world that we become emotionally blind to what is going on. We are not alert of our surroundings. We focus so much on the things that bring us trouble and not enough time on what makes us happy. Life becomes meaningless if we do not learn to set aside time for ourselves and our families.
- Set in the countryside
- Persona wonders why man i s so busy that he lets life to pass him by and does not make any attempt to appreciate nature.
- stream full of stars – gives the picture of a stream shimmering under the sun.
- Beauty has ‘feet, how they can dance’ and ‘enrich that smile’ gives the picture of a beautiful, graceful woman.
- “And stare as long as sheep or cows”
- “Like stars at night”
- We should take time off from our daily work to enjoy nature.
- Nature has many beautiful things that we can appreciate if we take the trouble and time.
- Learn to relax and enjoy the simple pleasure of life.
- Learn to observe the little and beautiful things around us.
- Enrich and expand our minds with the beauty of nature.
- We need to take advantage of our free time to live a better lifestyle.
- We should use leisure creatively to strengthen our minds and hearts.
- We should take note of the beautiful things around us.
- Enrich and expand our minds with the beauty of nature.
1.Who is the persona in the poem?
2.What does he think of life today as is mentioned in the first stanza?
1. Explain the phrase stand and stare.
2. Why is the phrase stand and stare repeated in the first and last stanza?
1. In the second stanza, what do we fail to do? 2. Explain the imagery of streams full of stars.
1. Why do we fail to see when we pass the woods.
2. Why do you think the persona mentions sheep or cows?
1. How is Beauty personified?
2. Why do you think the persona describes life today as poor?
AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS by JULES VERNE
The story begins at England. We are introduced to Fogg, a very precise man who regularly goes to the Reform Club every evening. At one such visit to the club to play cards, he gets into a conversation with his fellow card players as to whether it is possible to go around the world in eighty days. He believes that it is and is challenged to complete the adventure. This is the beginning of the entire plot and from then on we see how Fogg goes around the world and we witness the amazing adventures that he has with his companions. The main plot is based on Fogg’s travels, while other such plots merely support the central theme Fix, the detective follows Fogg all over. He believes that Fogg is the bank robber who has robbed a great sum from the bank of England. He puts obstacles in Fogg’s path just so that he can arrest him whenever he gets the warrant from England. The suspicion that Fogg might be a clever gentleman robber is the sub-theme of the book and the author makes the reader also suspicious. Passepartout too wonders whether his master might be a robber though in his heart he has ample trust in Fogg’s integrity.
The plot moves ahead with Fogg striving through various obstacles to reach London in time. He goes through Brindisi, Suez, Bombay, Calcutta, Hong Kong, Yokohama, San Francisco, New York and finally Liverpool. Fix arrests Fogg at Liverpool and this delays our hero. He thinks that he has missed the deadline and hasn’t reached London in time when in reality he reached a full day earlier. Thus Fogg wins the wager and in the course of his travels, finds himself a worthy charming, beautiful wife too.
Exposition -Phileas Fogg believes that it is possible to travel around the world in 80 days. He is willing to bet £20,000 in a wager against his friend, Andrew Stuart. Fogg wants to prove that it is indeed possible to do so. He starts his journey with his butler, Jean Passerpartout, and £20,000 cash.
Rising Action - Fogg faces several obstacles along his journey. detective Fix suspects him of robbing the Bank of England. The railway line from Bombay to Calcutta turns out to be incomplete and he has to ride an elephant to get to the next station. Foggs rescues Aouda from the bandits.
Conflict - Passerpartout discovers Detective Fix’s intentions to arrest Phileas Fogg while in Hong Kong but he does not inform Fogg about it. Instead, he agrees to cooperate with Detective Fix while on-board the General Grant. In Liverpool, Fogg is arrested.
Climax - When Passerpartout meets with the Reverend to arrange for Phileas Fogg and Aouda’s wedding, he discovers that Phileas Fogg has not lost the wager yet as that it is still 21 Dec,1867 and not 22 Dec. Phileas Fogg and Passerpartout the rush to the Reform Club with only minutes to spare. meaanwhile, Fogg’s friends already expect him to lose the wager.
Falling Action - Phileas Fogg wins the wager and also the heart of Aouda. He does not lose all his fortune. as he initially feared, even though he spent a lot of money along the journey in order to travel around the world in 80 days.
Resolution - Phileas Fogg and Aouda get married two days later. Passerpartout continues on as their butler.
- The hero and chief protagonist in the novel.
- He is introduced to us as a 40-year-old Englishman.
- He is very particular about how things are done in the household.
- A tall man with dark hair and serious face.
- A wealthy man.
- A regular at the Reform Club where he eats most of his meals.
- He is challenged by a fellow gambler to go around the world in eighty days and he takes up the challenge.
- His rationality, calmness, generosity and self-control impress the readers.
- Character traits – disciplined and meticulous, practical, generous, caring, brave, patient and calm, kind, confident
- He appears in the initial stage of the novel itself, as the new butler of Mr. Fogg.
- He is 30 years old.
- He is looking for a solid routine and orderly life.
- He is an honest as well as a funny French man, who is loyal to his master and yet gets into situations that hinder his master’s plans to travel around the world.
- Passepartout endears himself to the reader with his warmth, his sense of humor and his ability to act bravely as well as comically.
- Character traits – eager and enthusiastic, efficient, protective of his master, quick thinking, appreciative of his travels, trustworthy, kind, honest, ignorant of local laws, funny and comical
- He is a detective sent by the Bank of England to look for the bank robber.
- He is a short man with small eyes and bushy eyebrows.
- There is a major bank robbery in England around the same time that Fogg leaves for his journey round the world.
- Detective Fix is one of the many other detectives who seek to find the culprit so they can get a percentage of the stolen money as an award.
- He comes to the wrong conclusion that Fogg is the bank robber and is merely pretending to go around the world when his real purpose is to flee the law.
- Character traits – observant, curious, persistent, suspicious, deceitful, apologetic
- Aouda is a Parsee Indian princess who is orphaned at an early age.
- She is the daughter of wealthy merchant in Bombay
- Her family is killed by the bandits.
- She is a young and pretty girl who is captured by the bandits.
- Her cousin, Jeejah Jeejeeboy, is in Holland.
- She is rescued by Fogg’s group – Phileas Fogg, Jean Passepartout, Ali and Sir Francis from being killed by the bandits.
- Character traits – grateful and appreciative, caring, protective of her friends, concerned, sincere
Sir Francis Cromaty
- He is a tall and fair man
- He is 50 years old.
- He is a general in the British army stationed in Benares, India
- He meets Phileas Fogg on board the Mongolia and joins him on the train journey to Calcutta
- He thinks that Fogg is mad to attempt to travel around the world in 80 days
- He is brave and he takes part in the rescue of Aouda from the bandits
Ali the Guide
- He is the elephant handler and guide for the journey to Allahabad
- he is cautios as he avoids the bandits throughtout the journey to Allahabad
- He is brave and he takes part in the rescue of Aouda from the bandits
- He is appreciative of Phileas Fogg’s gesture of giving him Kiouni, the elephant
- He is brave and determined to get the train cross the damaged bridge at high speed, a mile away from Medicine Bow
- He fights the outlaws as they try to rob the train passengers
- He had been a servant of Fogg’s, but Fogg had fired him because he had committed the minor offence of bringing the shaving water at the wrong temperature.
- He waits along with detective Fix for the boat Mongolia to arrive at Suez.
- Daily, he would see English ships pass through the canal.
- The detective tells the consul that they must try and detain Fogg here, but the consul cannot do that lawfully and so doesn’t.
Phileas Fogg’s Partners at the Reform Club
- The engineer, Andrew Stuart – challenges Fogg to go around the world in eighty days.
- John Sullivan & Samuel Fallentin – newspaper owner. Samuel Fallentin is confident that Phileas Fogg will win the bet.
- The landowner, Thomas Flanagan
- Ralph Gauthier – a Bank of England employee. He is confident that the bank detectives will catch the robber. He is sceptical that any man could travel around the world in 80 days
- are Fogg’s partners at the Reform club where he plays card with.
Captain John Bunsby
- He is the master of the boat Tankadere, on which Fogg, Fix and Aouda travel.
- He is skillful in making sure the boats sails fast enough to catch up with the Carnatic
- He is the manager of an acrobatic troupe of buffoons at Yokohama before leaving for America
- He is kind to give Passepartout a job with this troupe in order to be able to leave for America with them.
- the owner of a sled with sails
- helps to take Phileas Fogg and his companions to Omaha after being left behind by the train
- They have killed Aouda’s family and kidnapped her
- They carry giant sabers and sharp swords while guarding Aouda
- They are violent and cruel
- There are about 100 men who attack the train
- They are armed with guns and wear handkerchiefs over their faces
- They rob the train and escape when the soldiers arrive
- They kidnap Passepartout and other train passengers when they escape
|Fogg’s house in London||The Suez Canal||Elephant journey to Allahabad||Hong Kong||The train journey across America|
|The Reform Club||Bombay||Calcutta||Yokohama||Liverpool|
- The different time zones that Phileas Fogg passes through on his journey enables him to gain a day by the time he arrives in Liverpool.
- This is due to the International date Line (IDL), an imaginary line located on the 180º line of longitude that passes through the Pacific ocean which separates two consecutive calendar days.
- As Fogg travels east from Yokohama, Japan towards San Francisco in the United States of America, he gains an additional day which enables him to win the wager even though he has lost some time in Liverpool when he is arrested by Detective Fix on the charges of the bank robbery.
- Victorian era – a long period of prosperity for the British people – economic and industrial progress while its colonies stretched across the world.
- The time when advances in printing and communication enabled news and important events to be available to the public ( the wager started when they read about an article about world travel in 80 days)
- English society – upper class, middle class and the working class. Phileas Fogg is in the upper class society ( evidence – personal butler, member of Reform Club, house in upper class neighbourhood – he has no worries about his finances and work)
THEMES/MESSAGES – evidence
- Hope and optimism are important to achieve our goals / ambitions or when facing life challenges
- Patience and persistent –incomplete train track, Passerpartout’s arrest, miss the ship – does not give up – overcoming them
- Punctuality – time management – 80 days schedule , the train departs on time, Andrew Speedy departs at 9 a.m, Fogg’s late arrival; causes him to miss the China voyage to Liverpool
- Kindness and concern for others is very important – rescuing Aouda from the bandits, refuses payment from Det.Fix, look for Passerpartout and leave money for him to be found.
- Generosity – Fogg gives Ali the elphant , pays capt. Andrew Speedy the price of two ships when he takes over Henrietta.
- Being truthful. – Passerpartout is honest when Det.Fix tells him about Fogg’s journey around the world , Aouda telling Fogg about her family, her feelings ( not being truthful causes problems – Passerpartout not telling Fogg that Det. Fix wants to arrest him)
- Trust – Fogg trusts Passerpartout even though he only starts works hours before – askes Passerpartout to care for his money
- Passerpartout trusts that Fogg is not the bank robber when he defends his master against Det.Fix.
- Courage – rescuing Aouda is very risky , Passerpatout stops the train from crashing , Fogg rescuing his butler